Evolution of IT from the first computer to artificial intelligence

Information technology has become the backbone of the modern world, impacting almost all aspects of life. However, the evolution of IT to where it is today has been a remarkable journey through time and innovation. Since the first computers and applications, information technology has been evolving rapidly to reach the sophisticated smart devices and artificial technology we have today.

The evolution of IT from the first computer to artificial intelligence is a testament to the relentless pursuit by humans to problem-solve. People and businesses can now do things that would never have been possible. For instance, there are fundamental technologies today to help students excel in academics, such as plagiarism checker and AI editing tools. Read on as we track the evolution of IT since the invention of the first computer to artificial intelligence.

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The evolution of IT from the first computer to artificial intelligence

Although the evolution of computers goes as far as 2400 BC when the first calculator called the Abacus was invented, this post will focus on the IT boom from the mid-20th Century.


Modern computer systems and software trace back to the early 1950s when the Universal Automatic Computer (UNIVAC) and Formula Translation (FORTRAN) software were invented. The technologies laid the foundation for the digital revolution. Early computers replaced vacuum tubes and transistors with integrated circuits that made computers less bulky, affordable, and more efficient.

FORTRAN was the first high-performance programming language that allowed users to write code quickly and with few errors. The early computers and software assisted with scientific research, engineering tasks, and military calculations. FORTRAN was popular in the 1950s and is still used for basic math and science applications today.


The 1960s saw major developments in software technologies and computer systems. This was the period when mainframes dominated scientific calculations and large-scale data processing, while minicomputers were used by small businesses and organizations.

The first operating system, called OS/360, was also released. It was a basic programming language with improved processing speed and data storage capacity. Random access memory (RAM) technology allows faster and more efficient data processing. The development of the ARPANET computer network during the decade also laid the foundation for the development of the Internet.


The first personal computer was introduced in the 1975, the Altair 8800, and became a sensation for tech enthusiasts. The Altair 8800 was the first commercially successful personal computer. The decade also saw the development of the C programming language, which became popular worldwide.

Another interesting development in IT during the time was the creation of floppy disks that allowed users to store and transfer data more efficiently than previous open reel tapes. The TCP/IP protocol was also developed around the same time to enable communication between computers on a global network. The technology laid the foundation for the World Wide Web or the Internet.


IT continued to evolve rapidly in the 1980s. One of the important developments at the time was the release of Microsoft Windows and the first version of the open-source Unix operating system. In the entertainment industry, CD-ROM technology was a major revolution in the 1980s because it allowed developers to distribute content, such as programs and games on a single disc.

Another major development was the introduction of Ethernet protocol and wireless networking technology. These innovations improved connectivity and communication between computer devices in a single network. In 1984, Apple developed the Macintosh computer and transformed how computers interacted. It used a graphic user interface that made computers accessible to a broader audience.


There were major developments in network connectivity and online communication in the 1990s. One of the greatest inventions of the decade was the internet that connects computers worldwide and revolutionized communication and access to information.

Web browsers such as Microsoft Internet Explorer and Netscape Navigator facilitated access and sharing of information in unprecedented volume. The result was an explosive advancement in the software development industry and information technology.

DVD technology also emerged in the decade, allowing software developers to create and distribute high-quality content in a single disc. Online video games and 3D graphics were other information technologies made in the 1990s.


The beginning of the 21st Century ushered in the era of mobile computing and smartphones, transforming the way people interacted with technology. Mobile technology led to the emergence of the first smartphones, which included the Apple iPhone and Blackberry. The devices allowed users to perform a range of tasks, such as web browsing, email browsing, and social networking.

Cloud technology also emerged in the 2000s, with the development of services such as Google Cloud Platform and Amazon Web Service. The evolution of IT during the decade laid the foundation for the emergence of machine learning and artificial intelligence that supported virtual assistant systems, customer service bots, and Chatbots.


Information technologies in the 2010s disrupted how people interact with technology and each other. Mobile technology evolved further with the emergence of touch screens and high-tech mobile applications. Social networking became a major force, with Billions of people joining platforms such as Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram.

Another significant development was the use of artificial intelligence in a wide range of applications, such as virtual assistants and business automation. Other revolutions included virtual reality and augmented reality technologies supported by the development of devices such as Microsoft HoloLens and Oculus Rift. However, the ugly side of IT was revealed through growing concerns over data privacy and security after several cases of hacking and data breaches.

AI in the current age

Today, information technology continues to accelerate with the development of Chatbots and text-generating AI, such as ChatGPT released in 2022. Other technologies include programming assistants and the expansion of Metaverse concepts. Also, virtual showrooms developed by Sharp have made shopping an immersive and interactive virtual experience.

The COVID-19 pandemic accelerated the digital revolution with innovators focusing on virtual technologies. Currently, mobile technology, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence are transforming business processes and data sharing.

The evolution of IT has been fueled by the pursuit of smaller, faster, and smarter machines

IT has come a long way, from the era of UNIVAC to artificial intelligence. The innovations made over time have gradually transformed the world, affecting how people communicate and do business. The future promises even more exciting possibilities that enrich life and drive progress.